Causes and Symptoms
Rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by facial redness, or erythema. Rosacea typically begins as redness on the central area of the face, across the cheeks, nose or forehead, but can also affect the neck, chest, ears and scalp. Unless it affects the eyes, rosacea is typically a harmless condition. However, in some cases, additional symptoms may develop, such as:
- Dilation of superficial blood vessels on the face, or telangiectasia
- Acne, including red-domed pustules and papules
- Burning and stinging sensations
- Thick skin, usually on the forehead, chin, and cheeks
- Rhinophyma, which causes a large, bulbous, ruddy appearance of the nose
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, although some research suggests elevated levels of tryptic enzymes, intestinal bacteria or tiny parasitic demodex mites. Triggers such as alcohol, caffeine (especially tea and coffee), foods high in histamines, spicy food, strenuous exercise and exposure to temperature extremes can cause episodes of flushing and blushing.
Rosacea affects both genders, but is three times as common in women and has a peak onset age between 30 and 60.
For more information about rosacea and available treatments, contact Storwick and Associates at 403.286.0086.